Academic Courses

We set rigorous standards in our college preparatory curriculum. Our AP and honors courses will prepare you to succeed once you graduate. To ensure your success, we created a personalized approach to education. Our exceptional faculty and supportive programs will meet you where you’re at and give you the tools you need to realize your full potential. We are small by design, so every student here is known and valued.

Philosophy: The Business and Technology Department believes that every student has potential to be a creator, builder or visionary. We meet the learner where they are and push them to achieve personal excellence. We do not judge a student by his or her past accomplishments or failures. We encourage each student to see his or failure as fertilizer for future success. We help them to build on their strengths and take their abilities to a higher level. Our goal is to create innovative and intrepid thinkers and problem solvers who embrace the impossible with a sense of excitement.

1651 Computer Applications: 9-10-11-12 / 0.5
This course will introduce and enhance student’s abilities to utilize the basic Microsoft office software package, conduct Internet research and develop a basic understanding of computer ethics. Course content will include understanding various hardware, software, operating systems and care/operations for a PC. The software applications covered include word processing (MS Word), presentation (MS PowerPoint), spreadsheets (MS Excel), database management (MS Access), Desktop Publisher and electronic communication (internet and email). Special attention will be devoted to legal issues, copyright law, social networks and safety. Application of technology in the workplace will be emphasized. There will be a fee assessed for this class.

1652 B-STEM Application Design and Implementation: 9 / 0.5
Requires recommendation from computer teacher. This course will introduce students to computer applications and app development. Students will learn advanced computer application skills through cloud-based technology. In addition, students will learn website design principles, and how to design and build their own computer app to be used with smart devices. Topics include abstraction, algorithms, data structures, Boolean logic, software engineering and web development. Languages introduced include JavaScript, HTML, CSS and Python.

1653 B-STEM II Introduction to Technological Entrepreneurship: 10 / 0.5
Requires recommendation from computer teacher. This course introduces the fundamentals of technology entrepreneurship, using lessons from Silicon Valley companies that have ignited a revolution across the world. Students will study how the evolution of technology has changed 21st-century business. The focus of this course is for students to gain a real-world understanding of business concepts. Students will learn financial literacy and collaborate on team-based projects. In addition, students will gain practical experience by working with mentors from a variety of business fields. Students will work in teams to develop a working concept for a start-up business and participate in business competitions.

1654 Advanced Computer Applications: 10-11-12 / 0.5
Prerequisite: Computer Applications I with a “C” or better, and permission of the department chairperson. This course will introduce students to the fundamental principles of programming and game design. Students use a variety of different 2D and 3D engines to design and implement games that they create. Students explore game logic and compare game designs across a variety of genres. In teams, students design, develop and test games they made to understand the interaction and evolution of game rules. In addition, students are introduced to game engine scripting, JavaScript and Python. This is an excellent class for a budding game designer.

1655 Robotics: 10-11-12 / 0.5
This course is designed to get students interested in and excited about the fields of engineering, mechatronics and software development. Students design, construct and program autonomous robots. The programs, mechanical principles and circuits students will use are very similar to, and sometimes the same as, industrial applications developed by engineers. Robots are constructed using durable robot hardware sporting black anodized aluminum chassis and scoop, and servo motors. In addition, they will include surface-mounted BASIC Stamp control boards to host infrared object sensor electronics. Furthermore, each robot will include its own board bread, allowing students to design their own circuits. Qualifying students may compete in the national Robotics competition.

1656 Robotics II: 10-11-12 / 0.5
Robotics II will build on the principles learned in Robotics I. Students will work in teams and build autonomous robots. They will be introduced to advanced circuit design through breadboarding and programming using the industry recognized C programming language. Students will design subroutines, learn to debug, manage sensors, control motors, and learn how to log data from real-time sensor events and navigation states in order to isolate robotic misbehaviors. Multi-core processors will be used to teach students multi-core programming.

1657 NFTE/Corporate Experience: 11 / 1.0
This course will offer entrepreneurship curricula that teach math and literacy skills in the context of building a business plan. The program is rigorous, experiential and practical to students’ futures. The students will compete with their business plans at various levels that include local, up to regional and national competition. In addition, this course will offer discussion and individual group activities to prepare the student as a candidate for a summer internship in the Holy Trinity School Friends for a Future program. The student will learn and practice skills including resume preparation, business etiquette, interviewing, and critical thinking activities for the world of work. Teamwork and commitment will be emphasized as part of the training. This call will also satisfy the consumer economics requirement. An additional ½ credit is earned after the student has successfully completed the summer internship program.

1658 Integrated Business Principles/VEI: 12 / 1.0
This course provides a foundation in a variety of business concepts. Students are introduced to the fundamentals of accounting, marketing, sales, business law, human resources and management. In addition, students apply their knowledge to a virtual simulated business environment in which they create and manage a virtual company. This company will conduct business with other virtual firms nationally and internationally. Students are involved in every aspect of running the business, including human resources, accounting, product development, production, distribution, marketing and sales. In the simulated business environment, students belong to a specific department depending on skills, prior knowledge and personal interest. Leadership opportunities within the firm provide further relevant experience.

Philosophy: Citizens of today’s world are faced with an information explosion; it is an age in which literacy is more important than ever. The English Department seeks to prepare our students for college and beyond by providing them with the skills to successfully read and understand a variety of texts of different genres, purposes, and levels of complexity. We also seek to provide Holy Trinity students with the writing skills necessary to succeed in college as well as in the business and professions world. Finally, we try to instill in students a love of reading and an understanding that great books educate the heart as well as the mind.

1121 Honors Freshman English: 9 / 1.0
This is an introductory course covering literature, composition, reading and oral expression for the student who has demonstrated superior ability in reading comprehension and writing as exhibited by the entrance test. The student will read the short story, poetry, drama, novel and essay with structure in mind, discussing and analyzing genre, character, plot and theme. The student will write various types of essays, refining his/her existing strengths in sentence construction, idea formation, argument, support and introductory library research. Writing will be taught as a process of drafting, revising and revising once again. The student will also work on refining reading skills through a series of vocabulary and comprehension exercises. The student will be encouraged to strengthen oral skills through participation in class discussions and individual and group projects. Finally, the student will be required to complete a five-paragraph essay at the level of C- or better to satisfy the completion of the course at a passing level.

1111 Freshman English: 9 / 1.0
This is an introductory course covering literature, composition, reading and oral expression for the student who has demonstrated a basic understanding of the elements of grammar and a basic competence in reading comprehension as exhibited by the entrance test. The student will read the short story, poetry, drama, novel and essay with structure in mind, discussing and analyzing genre, character, plot and theme. The student will write various types of essays, refining his/her existing strengths in sentence construction, idea formation, argument support and introductory library research. Writing will be taught as a process of drafting, revising and revising once again. The student will also work on refining reading skills through a series of vocabulary and comprehension exercises. The student will be encouraged to strengthen oral skills through participation in class discussions and individual and group projects. Finally, the student will be required to complete a five-paragraph essay at the level of C- or better to satisfy the completion of the course at a passing level.

1122 Honors Sophomore English: 10 / 1.0
Requires approval of Freshman English instructor. This literature and composition course builds on skills learned in Honors Freshman English, with special emphasis on sharpening critical thinking and literary analysis skills, including close reading of difficult texts. Writing is taught as a process of drafting, revising and rewriting. Various types of essays are required, but the emphasis is on literary analysis and the research paper. Submission of an original 1,000-word research paper with four or more sources is a requirement for passing this course.

1112 Sophomore English: 10 / 1.0
This literature and composition course builds on and sharpens skills learned in Freshman English, including reading, writing, vocabulary, grammar and oral expression. Writing is taught as a process of drafting, revising and rewriting. Various types of essays are required, but the emphasis is on literary analysis and the research paper. Students will be guided through the full process of writing the research paper. Submission of an original 1,000-word research paper with four or more sources is a requirement for passing this course.

1153 Honors Junior English: 11 / 1.0
Requires approval of Sophomore English instructor. In this course, the student will read novels, poetry, short stories and non-fiction to explore themes such as the individual and society, American identity and “the pursuit of happiness” in American literature and culture. The approach of the course is historical, tracing the development of these themes in literature from Native American times to the present. The student learns skills commonly used in the study of literature, writing papers that go beyond basic comprehension to the critical analysis of literary language. The student must also complete a 1,500-word research paper as a requirement for passing this course.

1113 Junior English: 11 / 1.0
In this course, the student will read novels, poetry, short stories and non-fiction to explore themes such as the individual and society, American identity and “the pursuit of happiness” in American literature and culture. Material covered comes primarily from the 20th century. The student will learn skills commonly used in the study of literature, writing papers that go beyond basic comprehension to the critical analysis of literary language. The student must also complete a 1,500-word research paper as a requirement for passing this course.

1134 AP British Literature and Composition: 12 / 1.0
This is a college-level literature class. Students taking this course will be exposed to works of recognized literary merit from a variety of genres, countries, and time periods, but the literature of Great Britain and its former colonies (other than the (United States) will be emphasized. The course will provide students with, in the words of the College Board, “the experience of literature, the analysis of literature, and the evaluation of literature.” Analysis of literary works will be guided by traditional critical close reading, but students will also be exposed to other critical approaches. Students will be expected to be able to speak and write intelligently about a work’s structure, style, theme, diction, syntax, imagery, symbolism, figurative language, pace and tone, as well as its place in a historical context and its underlying philosophical assumptions. In writing about literature, students will learn to produce prose that is persuasive, rhetorically effective, stylistically graceful and free of errors. Since mastery of the research paper (defined as “achieving a grade of C- or above on an assigned senior research paper”) is a requirement for graduation from our school, AP students will meet that requirement by producing a research paper on a topic closed related to the authors, works, themes, literary movements or historical periods studied in the course. This paper will be graded according to the same rigorous high standards as the papers analyzing literature.

0167 Honors Senior English: 12 / 1.0
Requires approval of Junior English Instructor. This is an intensive survey course in British literature, beginning with Beowulf and continuing on through Shakespeare to the end of the 20TH Century. Works will be studied both thematically and historically. Students entering this class should already be skilled in note-taking, research, critical thinking, expository writing and high-level class discussion. Heavy emphasis is placed on a sophisticated understanding of difficult texts and on the ability to do a close textual analysis. All formal papers must be typed and are required for achieving a passing grade. Students will be required to do several forms of expository writing, including a 2,000-word research paper on an assigned topic. A grade of C- or above on the research paper is required for passing the second semester of the course.

1114 Senior English: 12 / 1.0
This is a survey course in British literature. Genres studied include poetry, drama, short story, essay and novel. Discussion, note-taking and oral expression are emphasized. All formal papers must be typed and are required for achieving a passing grade. Students will be required to do several forms of expository writing, including a 2,000-word research paper on an assigned topic. A grade of C- or above on the research paper is required for passing the second semester of the course.

1152 Film Analysis: 11-12 / 0.5
Film Analysis will study the content of films from different eras, genres and countries; however, the main focus will be American cinema. Students will watch films, analyze them and write short papers presenting their ideas about the films. Students will also read and analyze reviews of films and submit criticisms and reviews to various publications.

1153 Speech and Communication: 11-12 / 0.5
The basics of public speaking, organization and presentation are offered in a combination of lecture, discussion and performance. Included are persuasive speaking and utilization of various appeals, speeches to entertain and inspire demonstrative speeches, oral interpretation and non-verbal communication. Individual and group activities are taught as well as evaluative technique.

1154 Creative Writing: 11-12 / 0.5
Requires recommendation from current English teacher and permission from the English Department chairperson. This course explores various avenues of written expression, including journaling, creative non-fiction, poetry, drama and fiction.

1151 Publications Production: 10-11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: None for the student taking the course for the first time. A student wishing to take the course a second time for credit must obtain the consent of the Publications Instructor and the English Department Chairperson. This is a hands-on teamwork course in the production of Holy Trinity’s newspaper and literary/arts magazine. The student will learn the processes involved in producing these media and have hands-on experience in every phase of the elements of design, journalism and production. The student will be a part of the staff of a publication and will work on a specific area of interest, as well as help with efforts of other staff members. Increased journalistic skills and final production of the publications are the goals.

Philosophy: There is no place in which art has not shaped society. Art is the expression of the human condition. Through creativity, invention and emotion, artists have shaped our perspectives and lives. It is the mission of the Art Department of Holy Trinity High School to provide each student with a strong foundation of skills, techniques and processes to producing art. We seek to educate both art majors and non-majors to develop into critical thinkers, creative problem solvers, innovators and compassionate human beings who are life-long learners.

1751 Art Foundations: 9-10-11 / 0.5
In this introductory course to art, students will gain exposure to the visual arts through a variety of 2- and 3-dimensional media. Emphasis will be placed on the basic elements and principles of art and the development of fundamental skills in visual literacy and art creation. A fee is assessed for this class.

1753 Drawing Fundamentals: 10-11-12 / 0.5
Prerequisite: Art Foundations. In this course, students will learn the basic fundamentals of drawing, including perspectives, depth, rendering, observation, value, proportions, scale, textures and composition. The students will develop a new vocabulary of art-related terms. They will work with a variety of mediums, such as pencil, charcoal, pastels and color pencils. At the end of the session, students will have improved their drawing skills and understanding of the principals of 2-dimensional art. A course fee is assessed for this class.

1754 Ceramics: 10-11-12 / 0.5
Prerequisite: Art Foundations. This course is an introduction to the oldest and most historical form of art creation, ceramics. Students will learn basic clay techniques in hand building surface development and glazing for sculptural ceramic forms. Students will develop a new vocabulary and skills to produce multiple 3-dimensional pieces of art for utility, display and personal use. A course fee is assessed for this course. 

1755 Advanced Ceramics: 10-11-12 / 0.5
Prerequisite: Art Foundations, Ceramics. This class is a continuation of the hand building and sculpture techniques learned in ceramics.  Students will create independent and advanced clay projects involving sculptural problem-solving and aesthetic concepts. Students will explore and research current and historical sculptors and potters. The students will also develop skills on the pottery wheel, wheel throwing and pottery design. A course fee is assessed for this class.

1766 Painting I: 9-10-11-12 / 0.5
Prerequisite: Art Foundations. This is an introductory course in painting and brushwork, with an emphasis on color theory, composition, value, texture and visual communication. Students will learn the basic vocabulary, principles and technical skills to painting in acrylic, water color and pastel media. A course fee is assessed for this class.

1757 Art and Technology: 10-11-12 / 0.5
Prerequisite: Art Foundations and Computer Applications. This course combines technology, art and design with an emphasis on professional design elements, animation, visual communication and advertisement. Students will learn the basic vocabulary, principles and technical skills to producing various computer and mixed media art. A course fee is assessed for this class.

1758 Art Portfolio: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite:  Approval of Department Chair. This course is designed to meet the continuing artistic needs of the advanced art student. It is an individually directed study designed to create a body of work for presentation to an art school or university. Students will strengthen their mastery of personalized media and techniques. At the end of this session, students will have completed 15 art pieces that will demonstrate an increased understanding of art history, creativity, artistic purpose, media, visual storytelling and composition. A course fee is assessed for this class.

1734 AP Studio Art – Drawing: 12 / 1.0
The AP Studio Art Drawing course is designed for students who are seriously interested in art and wish to develop mastery in the concept, composition, and execution of their ideas. AP Studio Art is not based on a written exam; instead, students submit portfolios or evaluations at the end of the school year. In building the portfolio, students experience a variety of concepts, techniques and approaches designed to help them demonstrate their abilities as well as their versatility with techniques, problem-solving, critical thinking and illumination of ideas. Students develop a body of work for the Concentration and Quality sections for analysis of portfolio. A course fee is assessed for this class.

1759 Theater Arts: 9-10-11-12 / 0.5                   
This project-based course will allow the student to explore the foundations of storytelling through theater.  Through the lens of various theatrical roles – such as designer, director, playwright, and actor – the student will analyze various theatrical works and styles. The student will then makes choices to bring these works to life. The student will demonstrate what has been learned through writing, presenting and performing.      

1760 Theater Arts II: 9-10-11-12 / 0.5
Prerequisite: Theater Arts. This is an intermediate course in theater which builds upon the skills developed in Theater Arts I. The focus of this courses’ work is on the scripted word, and how the actor interprets and presents the words of others on stage and story-telling through theater. As in Theater Arts I, students will study this through the lens of various theatrical roles – such as designer, director, stage crew and playwright. Students will demonstrate what has been learned through writing, presenting and performing. 

1764 Band: 9-10-11-12 / 1.0
Open to any student without any previous musical training who would like to learn to read music and play a band instrument in an ensemble setting. Depending on personal interest and the instructor’s recommendation based on preliminary try-outs, students will be able to learn one of the following instruments: flute, clarinet, alto saxophone, trumpet, trombone, tuba, or percussion. Students will be expected to practice their chosen instrument on a daily basis outside of school and will perform on a minimum of two formal concerts during the school year.

1765 Advanced Band: 10-11-12 (9th grade by permission and audition only) / 1.0        
Open to any student with a minimum of one year of successful previous playing experience on a concert band instrument in a school band setting. Students will continue their study of music theory and history along with the study of progressively more difficult band literature. Students will be expected to practice their chosen instrument on a daily basis outside of school and will perform on a minimum of three formal concerts during the school year. Students will also have additional opportunities to study and perform outside of school with the Merit School of Music based on personal interest and instructor recommendation.

Philosophy: We believe that the best way to learn a language is to use it. The target language is spoken most of the time in class. Students will appreciate not only the language but the culture as well. Practices and strategies are provided to help students gain skills and confidence while using the language to communicate in and out of school. It is the intention of this department that every student attending Holy Trinity has the opportunity to become bilingual by the end of his/her high school career.

1516 Latin I: 9-10-11 / 1.0
This course is an introduction to the Latin language, history, and culture of ancient Rome, with a particular focus on the cities of Pompeii and Alexandria. Language structures are learned by the reading method. Basic grammatical features in this course include morphology of nouns, active verbs in four tenses, adjectives, pronouns, dependent clauses and participles. Emphasis is on basic vocabulary, translation and comprehension as a preparation for the ultimate goal of reading Latin literature.

1517 Latin II: 10-11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Latin I. During the first semester of this course, the reading and comprehension skills developed in Latin I are reinforced and expanded. The historic and cultural focus will be life in the city of Rome. New grammar includes dependent subjunctive clauses, passive verbs, indirect statements, gerunds and gerundives. During the second semester, students will begin the transition to unadapted Latin readings.

1511 Spanish I: 9-10-11 / 1.0
This course is designed for students who have limited or no knowledge of Spanish. Students are introduced to basic grammar structures, present tense verbs, necessary vocabulary and sound system. Students will also learn about some of the cultures and customs of the Spanish world. At the conclusion of the course, students will be expected to speak, understand, read and write Spanish at a beginning level.

1512 Spanish II: 9-10-11-12 / 1.0
This course is designed for students who have already passed Spanish I. Students are exposed to complex grammar structures, including preterit, imperfect, subjunctive, future, conditional and also the perfect tenses. Their vocabulary will be expanded and pronunciation will be enforced. Students will be immersed in the Spanish customs using real Spanish material as videos, newspapers, magazines, websites, etc. At the conclusion of the course, students will be expected to speak, listen, understand, read and write Spanish at an intermediate level.

1513 Spanish I for Native Speakers: 10-11 / 1.0
This course is designed specifically for native or heritage speakers with oral proficiency but little or no formal training in the language. Generally, these are learners who were raised in homes where Spanish was spoken. The course is designed to build on the language base students already possess. Spanish-speaking students are not viewed as using an “improper” form of Spanish that is incorrect or needs to be eliminated. Rather, their language is viewed as an extremely valid means of oral communication. The primary purpose of the course is to develop reading and writing skills, although all four language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) are emphasized via cultural and community activities. At the conclusion of the course, students will improve their communication skills and be able to understand video, oral and written materials and respond accurately to them at a high level

1514 Spanish II for Native Speakers: 10-11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Spanish I for Native Speakers. The students will study strategies in reading, listening, comprehension, impersonal and presentational writing, as well as interpersonal and presentational speaking. Topics include: Families and Communities; Science and Technology; Beauty and Aesthetics; Contemporary Life; Global Challenges; and Personal and Public Identities. Students will practice high grammar and become familiar with appropriate vocabulary. This course will not be using a textbook. The instructor will guide students in online research and projects in this course. Access to the internet and class attendance is critical. Students will be immersed in an environment where the target language is spoken.

0527 Honors Spanish III: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: C or better in Spanish II. This course is designed for students who have successfully finished Spanish II, enjoy learning the language and want to be bilingual. Students are exposed to activities that require writing, reading and speaking Spanish and have the ability to respond in correct and idiomatic Spanish. Students will analyze passages of Spanish literature, discuss them and express their points of view orally and written. Students will also be exposed to real cultural material, visiting cultural centers in the area. At the conclusion of the course, students will be able to communicate well in spoken and written Spanish as well as understand Spanish by listening and reading at a high level.

1534 AP Spanish Language and Culture: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Spanish for Native Speakers II and recommendation from the instructor. Students will develop proficiency and integrate their language skills to be prepared for the exam. They will be provided with a variety of tools to practice and strategies they need to gain both the skills and the confidence for success. They will be exposed to a broad variety of authentic materials and activities to assess communicative and cultural competency in a holistic way. All tasks will be drawn from six diverse content areas, or themes, that provide a meaningful context for the for the communication tasks students will face on the exam. The entire course is designed with a college course rigor. To ensure that the AP Spanish Language Exam is maintained at its intended level, special studies are carried out periodically to establish the comparability of performance of college students completing a 3rd year Spanish language course.

Philosophy: A strong, stable democracy depends on an active and informed citizenry. It is the purpose of the Department of History and Social Studies to help all students of Holy Trinity to develop a knowledge set, analytical tools, and zeal for Judeo-Christian principles, so that they will make a positive impact on their local and global communities.

1211 World Geography: 9-10-11-12 / 1.0
The students will study the physical and cultural geography of the various regions of the world. Topics include: topography, flora, fauna, natural resources, climate and demography, as well as, various human cultural features including language, religions, economics, technology, governments systems and everyday customs. Students will become familiar with the unique ways that human beings have adapted to various environmental conditions, the locations of various countries in the world, and the economic and cultural interdependence among them that continues to define our world today. This course will not be using a textbook. The instructor will guide students in their own online research and projects in this course. Access to the internet is highly encouraged.

1212 World History: 10 / 1.0
The student will discover and learn that people and civilizations have always been interdependent. People have exchanged products, skills and ideas from the beginning of history until the present. The student will learn to appreciate and respect all the world’s people. S/he will learn to be not only tolerant but also curious about other peoples’ ways of life in our shared quest for meaning, freedom and human rights.

1222 Honors World History: 10 / 1.0
The student will discover and learn that people and civilizations have always been interdependent. People have exchanged products, skills and ideas from the beginning of history until the present. The student will learn to appreciate and respect all of the world’s people. S/he will learn to be not only tolerant, but also curious about other people’s ways of life in our shared quest for meaning, freedom and human rights. Students will be prepared and encouraged to take the AP test in World History in May.

1213 United States History: 11 / 1.0
Prerequisite: World History. The student will gain a fundamental understanding of American history both as a body of knowledge and as a living presence in life by comparing vital documents in whole and in excerpt; by creating timetables on specific historical themes; by striving to understand American society, American institutions and their evolution; by appreciating the sacrifices necessary to keep the ideals and values of American democracy alive; and by practicing reading, writing and critical thinking skills.

1223 Honors United States History: 11 / 1.0
Prerequisite: World History, and recommendation of current history instructor. The student will gain a fundamental understanding of American history both as a body of knowledge and as a living presence in life by comparing vital documents in whole and in excerpt; by creating timetables on specific historical themes; by striving to understand American society, American institutions and their evolution; by appreciating the sacrifices necessary to keep the ideals and values of American democracy alive; and by practicing reading, writing, and critical thinking skills. The student in the honors section must be able to write logically organized essays as assignments and on tests.

1236 American History Since 1865: 11 / 1.0
Prerequisite: 3.5 GPA and department approval. Online dual credit course from Benedictine University. This course covers the rise of the United States as a global power. We examine the economic, political, and social dimensions of U.S. culture and policy in a global context. Several of the topics of the class include reconstruction, industrialization, the rise of the labor movement, the Civil Rights Movement, the Cold War and the War on Terror. 3 semester credit hours. Honors U.S. History would be taken the first semester. This course would be offered as a second semester option.

1214 Government and Law: 12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: United States History. The student will learn about legal rights and responsibilities and how to analyze and evaluate legal disputes. There will be units on constitutional law and on the practical aspects of criminal, tort, family and civil rights law. The student is prepared for the U.S. and Illinois Constitution.

1234 AP US Government and Politics:  12 / 1.0
Students in this course will learn concepts and theories related to U.S. government and politics, analyze data, and apply relevant theories and models to current government and political situations. This course meets the graduation requirements of Government and Law and the state-required Constitution test and Consumer Economics curriculum.

1251 Africa, Asia and Latin America Today: 11-12 / 0.5
The dominance of Western Europe and the United States in world affairs is being challenged by the rise of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Students will explore current problems and future developments in these regions and how they are impacting the world community. Internet access is necessary.

1252 Holocaust: 11-12 / 0.5
In this interesting and very timely course, the student will learn how the Holocaust happened and why. Films, discussions, readings and classroom activities will be used to convey the sufferings of the victims of the Holocaust and other genocides throughout the 20th century.

1224 Honors Psychology: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: 2.8 GPA and 70th percentile score on most recent standardized test and concurrent enrollment in Psychology. This course is an advanced placement option for students who are enrolled in Psychology. The student will attend regular psychology class, read supplementary materials in addition to regular reading assignments, and will lead the class and small group discussions on various topics. The student will be evaluated using practice A.P. materials. The student will meet with the instructor on a weekly basis while the class is in session, and must agree to prepare for the A.P. exam by attending 5 sessions of test preparation prior to the A.P. exam. To earn Honors credit, the student is required to take the A.P. exam in May which includes payment of the cost of the exam. Credit is not dependent on earning a particular score on the A.P. exam. There is no assigned text for this course. Under the direction of the instructor, students will research topics and engage in projects to enhance their understanding of the concepts. Access to the internet is highly recommended. 

1215 Psychology: 11-12 / 1.0
Psychology is an introductory course mirroring the topics in a typical college class in Psychology. At the conclusion of the course, the students will have a basic understanding of the various areas studied in psychology including such topics as brain physiology; human development; cognitive, behavioral and social psychology; mental illness and treatment. Psychology is a course that relates directly to the individual human person. There is no assigned textbook for this course. Under the direction of the instructor, students will research topics and engage in projects to enhance their understanding of the concepts. Access to the internet is highly recommended.

1216 Honors Economics: 11-12 / 0.5
Requires approval of instructor. Economics underlies many national and world issues. The Honors Economics course develops a basic understanding of the general principles of economic thinking, modern economic theory, and the interdependent nature of the current world economy. The course will cover such topics as supply and demand; inflation; unemployment; the business cycle; national fiscal and monetary policies; dependence on natural resources; trade, surplus and deficit; and international agreements such as NAFTA.

Philosophy: Mathematics should be accessible to every student. Our goal is for each student to reach his or her maximum potential in both the mastery of these skills and understanding of concepts. Math education should not terminate in high school. Our objective is to imbue every student with an appreciation of the beauty of mathematics and the practical knowledge to succeed in college and beyond.

1311 Algebra I: 9-10 / 1.0
The student will learn to add, subtract, multiply and divide positive and negative numbers in order to solve equations and evaluate algebraic expressions. The student will be introduced to the graphing of linear equations. The student will learn to solve equation inequalities and use problem-solving strategies to solve real-world problems.

1321 Honors Algebra I: 9 / 1.0
This course is intended for the student who has a facility for performing the four basic operations on rational numbers. The student will learn to solve equations, inequalities and systems; simplify rational expressions; graph linear equations and systems; use problem-solving strategies, such as looking for and using patterns and inductive reasoning; and develop generalizations and algorithms that may be used in solving real-world problems.

1312 Geometry: 9-10 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra I. The student will discover properties of geometric figures using a variety of methods. Using construction tools and everyday objects, s/he will apply these properties to everyday situations and evaluate these properties using algebraic skills and basic concepts and formulas dealing with space geometry.

1322 Honors Geometry: 9-10 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra I Honors or Algebra I. The student will be introduced to proofs of theorems that apply to geometric figures. S/he will use concepts from algebra, geometric theorems and reasoning to solve problems involving congruency, similarity, parallelism, area and the special properties of various figures. Problems using logic and other strategies will also be touched upon as well as basic trigonometry ratios. A strong background in algebra is required.

1316 Intermediate Mathematics: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra I, Geometry and Teacher Recommendation. This course is designed for the student who needs a more solid foundation in core algebra and geometry concepts before continuing on to more advanced algebra and other advanced math classes. The course will reinforce techniques for solving equations and inequalities. Linear functions from an algebraic and geometric viewpoint will coalesce. Methods for solving systems of linear equations will be practiced. Facility with exponents and exponential functions will be enhanced as will the skills for factoring polynomials and solving quadratic equations.

1312 Algebra II: 10-11 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Honors Algebra 1 or Algebra I. The student will review the basics of first-year algebra. S/he will perform operations on rational numbers, algebraic expressions, irrational numbers and complex numbers and will study linear, quadratic, exponential and logarithmic functions. The student will work on graphing and analyzing linear, quadratic and special functions as well as solving systems of equation problems.

1323 Honors Algebra II: 10-11 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Honors Algebra 1 or Algebra I and recommendation of current math instructor. The student will review the basics of first-year algebra. S/he will perform operations on rational numbers, algebraic expressions, irrational numbers and complex numbers and will study linear, quadratic, exponential and logarithmic functions. The student will work on graphing and analyzing linear, quadratic and special functions as well as solving systems of equation problems.

1315 Discrete Mathematics: 12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra II. In this course, students will learn to represent problems with discrete structures such as matrices, finite graphs and recurrence relations. Topics also include election theory enumeration and probability.

1314 Precalculus: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra II. In this course, the student will study linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, exponential and logarithmic functions and their graphs. The student will know the basic trigonometric identities and functions. This knowledge will be used to analyze equations and solve problems.

0359 Honors Precalculus: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra II and recommendation of current math instructor. In this course, the student will study linear, quadratic, polynomial, rational, exponential and logarithmic functions and their graphs. The student will know the basic trigonometric identities and functions. This knowledge will be used to analyze equations and solve problems.

1334 AP Calculus: 12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: B or higher in Precalculus and recommendation of Precalculus instructor. In this course, students will explore the key concepts of single-variable calculus including functions, limits, derivatives, integrals and the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, as well as important methods and applications. Students will use technology regularly to help solve problems, experiment, interpret results, confirm written work and reinforce the relationships among the multiple representations of functions. This course is equivalent to a semester of college calculus. Students in this course should plan to take the AP Calculus AB exam in May.

Philosophy: To nurture students’ physical health and well-being as they prepare to lead lives of leadership and service.

1851 Physical Education I:  9 / 0.5
This course places emphasis on physical fitness, gross motor and fine motor development.

1852 Physical Education II: 10-11 / 0.5
Co-requisite: Health. This course is a continuation of Physical Education I. All fundamentals of team sports are taught. A student will also be required to discuss the principles of team play and strategy related to that area. Among the activities offered are flag football, volleyball, basketball, aerobics, track and field, softball and soccer.

1853 Health: 10 / 0.5
Co-requisite: Physical Education II. In this course, the student will demonstrate an adequate knowledge and understanding of the basic principles of health and how it affects his/her life. The student will cover a health curriculum that will include topics on physical fitness, mental health, nutrition, drugs, the body systems, family and social health.

1854 Wellness/Personal Fitness: 11-12 / 0.5
Prerequisite: P.E. I, P.E. II, and Health. Students in this course will participate in strength and conditioning program for various sports and fitness related activities. Free weights, exercise machines and conditioning activities will be incorporated to promote improvement in strength, balance, agility and speed. This class will also provide students information regarding nutrition and diet; components of fitness; types of fitness programs; and wellness concepts. Proper technique, safety precautions and proper applications of the Principles of Training will be emphasized.                                   

1853 Intramurals: 9-10-11-12 / 0.25
Students in this course will participate in intramural activities during the “0” hour from 6:45 to 7:30 a.m., 2-3 days a week. Activities will include such team sports as football, volleyball, floor hockey and basketball.

Philosophy: A Holy Cross education is not simply measured by a grade, but by the quality of one’s character and a commitment to justice. The Religion Department fulfills this commitment through our religious education program. Our approach is primarily informed by the Holy Scriptures, the teachings of the Catholic Church, and the Holy Cross tradition. At the same time, we strive to create an environment where each student, regardless of experience or perspective, can be included and supported on their own unique faith journey. In an increasingly pluralistic and globalized world, our goal is to help our students become mature, well-rounded, and socially responsible people of faith who recognize their unique responsibility to enact Jesus’ Gospel vision of peace, justice, and radical love for all.

1054 Foundations of Faith (Required): 9 / 1.0
This is the first course in religion you will take at Holy Trinity High School. Throughout this course you will explore topics related to faith, God, Jesus and the Church. You will also learn valuable information specific to faith life at Holy Trinity, such as an introduction to the Brothers of Holy Cross and celebrating the Catholic Mass. This course will help you get the most out of your time at Holy Trinity and establish a strong, deep foundation on which to build your lifelong relationship with God through Jesus.

1055 Scripture (Required): 10 / 1.0
This course serves as an introduction to the Jewish and Christian Scriptures. In addition to learning the key stories, characters and themes of the Holy Scripture, students will also study the social, political and historical world of the Ancient Near East to better understand the context in which the Bible was written. Students will learn specific literary tools and reading techniques for interpreting the pages of Scripture and apply the teachings of Scripture to their lives and their world.

1052 Church History (Required): 11 / 0.5 
This course is an overview of the fundamental beliefs, practices and mission of the Catholic Church in relation to other Christian churches and its historical development from the apostolic age to the present time. Topics of particular emphasis will include: the apostolic origins of Christianity, the relationship of the early Church to the Roman world, the age of the martyrs, the establishment of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire, the Protestant Reformation, the development of the major Christian churches in the Americas, the religious worlds of both African Americans, Hispanic Americans and women in the American Church.

1053 World Religions: 11-12 / 0.5
The study of the world’s religions will give students the opportunity to explore areas related to the traditions, beliefs, practices, aspirations, and values of millions of people in our world. Through our studies together, students are encouraged to learn about the major religions through the process of inquiry and explanation to develop the ability to think systematically, and to acquire an empathetic understanding of peoples of various beliefs and religious practices. Major areas of concentration include studying the world’s religions through the primal traditions: Buddhism. Each unit emphasizes the rational and teachings of religion, explores the influence of its leaders in society and examines its impact on everyday activity. Religion affects many aspects of human life and culture. Therefore, students will both engage and gain an appreciation of the search for god and the recognition of both similarities and differences in the world’s religions through explorative study, asking questions, sustaining each student’s search for answers and reflective dialogue.

1056 Christian Morality (Required): 11 / 0.5
This course repeatedly encourages students to ask the important questions in life: Is this true? Is this right? What does it mean to live in the light of Christian morality? In addition, we will learn how an individual develops his/her moral views and conscience as well as the foundation on which Christian morality is based. Current moral issues and the debates surrounding them will be examined and discussed in detail, as it is vital to understand these in an ever-changing world. In short, this course aims to give students practical, life-long knowledge to search for and work toward truth, goodness, and beauty.

1057 Prayer and Spirituality: 11-12 / 0.5 
This course will explore the rich and various traditions of Catholic prayer that cultivates the experience of God’s presence and bring our experience of God in our daily life.

1058 Social Justice (Required): 12 / 0.5 
In his 1972 message for the celebration of the Day of Peace, Pope Paul VI famously exclaimed, “If you want peace, work for justice!” This course will explore how we, as students of Jesus, can work to create a world of peace defined by justice and radical love. Students will critically examine complex social, political and economic issues such as poverty, racism, violence and peace, immigration, the environment, etc. Through personal experience, the social sciences, the Holy Scriptures and the social teachings of the Catholic Church, students will gain insight into these issues, foster a sense of compassion for and solidarity with those who suffer from injustice, and discover what they can do to work for justice in their own communities here and now.

Philosophy: Science should be accessible to every student. Our goal is for each student to reach his or her maximum potential in both the mastery of these skills and understanding of concepts. Science education should not terminate in high school. Our objective is to imbue every student with an appreciation of the beauty of science and the practical knowledge to succeed in college and beyond.

1411 Physical Science: 9 / 1.0
This course introduces the student to the basic principles of science through an exploration of chemistry and physics. Students will learn to use the scientific method, make measurements, create data tables and design experiments. The relationships and interactions of matter and energy will be investigated through hands-on activities, laboratory work, group work and projects.

1412 Biology: 10 / 1.0
In this course, the student will explore the diversity of life on our planet. Emphasis is on the interrelation of all living things, their common features and essential differences, and the role living things play in the everyday lives of humans.

1422 Honors Biology: 9-10 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Recommendation of Physical Science Instructor. In this course, the principle theories of modern biology, cell theory, biogenesis and evolution form the foundation from which the student will explore the variety of organisms on earth. Emphasis is on the biochemical, genetic and cellular similarities shared by all members of the living world.

1416 Earth and Space Science: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Biology. Students will undertake the study of the earth’s place in the universe. This will include topics from astrophysics and astronomy such as the universe and its stars, formation of the solar system and history of the planet Earth. The next big idea covered will be Earth processes in which students will study aspects of geology and atmospheric science. Finally, human interaction with the Earth will be studied with concepts from environmental science. The course will feature hands-on inquiry and exploratory labs.

1423 Chemistry: 10-11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra I – Honors or Algebra I. This course will introduce the student to the theories and laws of general chemistry. The student will use the theories and laws to solve problems and understand the world around them. Laboratory experiments will assist the student in learning the basic theories and laws. 

1413 Honors Chemistry: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Algebra I Honors or Algebra I. This course will introduce the student to the theories and laws of general chemistry. The student will use the theories and laws to solve in-depth word and mathematical problems. The student will perform and design laboratory experiments to obtain a deeper knowledge of the theories and laws studied.

1424 Honors Anatomy/Physiology: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisites: “B” in Biology or a “C” in Biology Honors and Chemistry and recommendation of Biology and Chemistry instructors. This course is designed to build on the comparative animal anatomy and physiology studied in Biology. The focus of this course is the structure and function of the most complex animal: humans. Students will explore the main systems of the human body, their component parts and the way in which they work together to allow humans to survive.

1415 Physics: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: Geometry. In this course, the student will learn about forces, energy, and momentum. A large emphasis will be on Newton’s laws of motion in both linear and rotational systems. We will study the fundamental forces of gravity, electricity and magnetism. There will be an emphasis on learning to use mathematics to solve problems in physics.

1434 AP Physics 1: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: B or higher in Chemistry or Biology and recommendation of the science teacher. AP Physics 1 is equivalent to a one semester, algebra-based college level physics course. The goal of the course is to establish a solid foundation in the core principles governing the interactions of objects in the mechanical world, and an introduction to electrostatics and electric current. The course will use hands-on explorations to support inquiry-based learning. Through these explorations, and challenging problem solving, students will develop critical thinking skills necessary for more advanced studies in science. Students in this course should plan to take the AP Physics 1 exam in May. Topics include: kinematics, Newton’s laws of motion, work, energy, power, impulse, momentum, uniform circular motion, torque, rotation, simple harmonic motion, Newton’s law of gravity, electrostatics, DC circuits, mechanical waves and sounds.

1436 Astronomy: 11-12 / 1.0
Prerequisite: 3.5 GPA and Department Chair approval. Online dual credit course from Benedictine University. Examines astronomical phenomena and concepts including the solar system, stars, galaxies, planetary motion and the evolution of the universe. Physical-Scientific Mode of Inquiry (QPS). 3 semester college credit hours. Physical Science Core Elective.

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